Ibraheem’s Original Homeland

by vazir, Friday, November 01, 2013, 01:15 (2033 days ago) @ vazir

Ibraheem’s Original Homeland

The Septuagint Bible details the voyage of Ibraheem (P) from the time he left the land of his fathers, which it claims was in Mesopotamia, during the Chaldean era (in the city of Ur, to be precise).

And Terah took his son Abram and his grandson Lot, the son of Haran, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Abram's wife, and they went out with them from Ur of the Chaldean to go to the land of Canaan; and they came to Haran and dwelt there (Genesis 11:31)

Then He said to him, "I [am] the LORD, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldean, to give you this land to inherit it." (Genesis 15:7)

The above passages are among all that the Septuagint forgers needed to transfer Ibraheem’s name to Mesopotamia (presently Iraq), and make him an Iraqi of the Chaldean era.

In the previous post, it was showed that how Ibraheem’s original homeland of Ur-Kasdim was rendered as Ur-Kaledon in Greek and Ur-Chaldean in English by the Septuagint corruption, and placed in ancient Iraq.

Now, let’s solve the small mystery of the “Canaanites” here.

Who were the Biblical Canaanites?

It is hardly possible to read any passage about Ibraheem (P) in the Old Testament, without at least some passing mention of a people known as the "Canaanites". It follows then that the Canaanites must have been in the land where Ibraheem (P) migrated.

Then Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his brother's son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people whom they had acquired in Haran, and they departed to go to the land of Canaan. So they came to the land of Canaan. (Genesis 12:5).

Who were these people? And what role did they play in the life and times of the Patriarch?

The rampant Orientalist interpretation of the Bible has convinced the generations that the name “Canaan” once referred to the entire region encompassing the whole of Palestine, Lebanon, and the western parts of Jordan and Syria. The truth, however, is that there is absolutely no conclusive proof for this claim whatsoever! No archeological evidence has ever been presented to even remotely suggest the association of the name “Canaan” with a territory of that magnitude.

Arab historian and religious researcher Aḥmad Dāwūd
, in his famous book entitled (Lit): Arabs, Semites, Hebrews, Israelites, and the Jews casts some light on this issue, when he states the following: “How did the identity of the Syrian people, who have inhabited the region for some 10,000 years, be simply erased and replaced with the tribal population called ‘Canaanites’, of whom there is not a single mention in any historical document other than the Torah, and when all who ever lived in the region, Arabs or non-Arabs alike, admit that this title was never known by any nation or group of people in the entire history of ancient Syria?”

On the other hand, Syrian researcher, Dr. ‘Ali Abu ‘Assāf verifies Dāwūd’s claims in his book Ruins of the Ancient Kingdoms of Syria, wherein he says: “None of these states ever called themselves by the name ‘Canaanite’ or ‘Amorite’ ... And at the time when Herodotus travelled over extensive areas of the Levant region, he mentioned ‘Syrians’ and ‘Phoenicians’. Not once did he mention ‘Canaanites’ anywhere”.

Although these two scholars may have been onto something, their observations are not completely accurate. The objective fact is that there are some archeological documents - not originally from the Levant region - notably ancient Mesopotamian inscriptions, from as early as 1800 BC, mentioning a people by the name Kinanhu (this is exactly how it is pronounced according to the vocal glossary of the Babylonian cuneiform). In these cuneiform inscriptions, the Kinanhu are described as bandits and thieves who were infiltrating into the regions of the Levant. This same name appears as ki-na-ah-na in the Amarna tablets (dated 14th Century BC), which were written in Acadian cuneiform. However, despite these records, there is absolutely zero evidence that these peoples were the original inhabitants of the Levant region. In fact, the tablets mention them as simply a group of people, among many, who seemed to be causing problems for the Mesopotamian Empire.

Another thing that is certain is that the Greek geographers and cartographers, among them the famous Herodotus, who had full knowledge of the Levant region from as early as the 7th Century BC, left us hundreds of maps of ancient Palestine, and not one map showed the name “Canaan” as designating the region in question. The Romans, who came later on, were also unfamiliar with that term. The ancient map based directly on Herodotus’ own writings, shows that the area in question was referred to as “Phoenicia”, by the ancient Greeks, and never as “Canaan”. In some instances, we see the name “Philistina” on the ancient maps, denoting the southern part of Phoenicia in particular.

On the other hand, Herodotus also verified that the Phoenicians originally came from along the Red Sea coast of Arabia. Likewise, Greek geographer, historian, and philosopher Strabo made the same observation regarding the origins of the Phoenicians.

Here is a quote from Herodotus: “According to the Persians best informed in history, the Phoenicians began the quarrel. These people, who had formerly dwelt on the shores of the Erytraean Sea (the Red Sea between Arabia and Ethiopia), having migrated to the Mediterranean and settled in the parts which they now inhabit, began at once, they say, to adventure on long voyages, freighting their vessels with the wares of Egypt and Assyria”.

Herodotus’s observation, made back in the 5th Century BC, is in line with the generally accepted fact that Arabia was indeed the primordial home of all “Semitic” people. The Phoenicians, in their distant past, were originally masters of the Red Sea, before they moved northwards and settled along the Mediterranean coast, and developed the Phoenician alphabet.

The ancient map based on the writings of the Greek philosopher Hecateus (520 BC) also shows no mention of “Israel” or “Canaan”.

Not once did Herodotus or Strabo, or any other Greek historian mention “Jews”, “Israelites” or “Canaanites” in their writings. Could it be that they overlooked the name? Or is it perhaps because the number of Canaanites who had settled in the region was not large or substantial enough to designate the entire territory of the Levant by their name? On the other hand, the Romans, for a time, gave the territory the name “Provincia Syria Palaestina”, and later designated it as “Provincia Judea”, due to the fact that a substantial Jewish presence was established there starting around 200 BC. (Where these Jews actually came from is another issue, altogether).

In order to solve the puzzle of “Canaan - Kananah”, a brief glimpse of a very important - and often overlooked - aspect of the history of Arabia is in order. From the dawn of time, the entire history of the Arabian Peninsula, its stories, legends, poetry, wars, and tribal migrations, has revolved around one central theme: the struggle between urbanites and nomads. Many of the names that are mentioned in the Arabian legends do not indicate particular peoples or tribes, but rather they indicate a way of life. Let’s take, for example, the legendary struggle between Qaḥṭān and ‘Ādnān; a rivalry that shows up innumerable times in pre-Islamic Arabian poetry. The name Qaḥṭān (sometimes rendered as Yoqṭān) appears as “Joktan” in the Old Testament, where he is said to be a descendant of Nūḥ (P). According to ancient South Arabian lore, Qaḥṭān was the son of ‘Aber, the legendary father of the nomadic tribes of Ḥaḍramawt.

Now, form a purely linguistic view, the very word Qaḥṭān comes from the Arabic root qaḥṭ, which indicates a land that has dried up and withered. What do the inhabitants of such lands do? Naturally, they will move to places where water and vegetation are found. The people who live in the latter places are called ‘Ādnān, which comes from the root ‘adan, indicating a stable existence in a land of abundance. The linguistic context is too obvious be missed.

By the same logic, we have Hebrews versus Kanaanites. The word “Hebrew” is a corruption of the Arabic term ‘ibri, which is derived from the root verb ’abar meaning simply: to cross over from one place to another, as evidence of a nomadic lifestyle. The opposite of the verb ’abar is kana‘, which means: to stick or remain rooted to a place, as evidence of a sedentary lifestyle. So we have the “Hebrews” (nomad livestock herders) versus the “Kanaan-Canaan” (agricultural and sedentary residents who are adept at smelting iron).

Why is Ibraheem (P) described as a “Hebrew” in the Old Testament? It is because, according to ancient Yemeni legends, he left his drying and withering land in south-central Yemen (The Ḥaḍramawt region) and “crossed over” towards the green oases of the mountainous Sarāt regions, the fertile coastal strip along the Red Sea, where he lived among the “Kanaan”.

The Qur’an speaks of ahl al-madeenah (residents of the urban center) vs. al-a‘rāb (technically, nomadic Bedouins); again, mirroring this age-old struggle. Those who flocked around Muḥammad (P) and believed in his message were of a mixed sort. This cultural hallmark of Arabia enforces our theory that Hebrews and Canaanites were not a particular people. The names are simply indicative of a lifestyle.

There is not a single document in the entire history of the ancient world that names Palestine as “Land of Canaan”.
This is another blatant orientalist manipulation that began in the late 19th Century, when they started including maps of the Levant in every Bible (both Old and New Testament), with the name “Canaan” printed in large crisp letters over the territory of Palestine. These Bibles were then distributed to religious schools, churches synagogues, hospitals, even hotels. And thus the delusion was spread.

Now if the word Canaan* does not indicate a particular people or national identity, then what about the Mesopotamian cuneiform tablets mentioning Kananah-Kinanah, who were described as no more than wandering tribes that were infiltrating the Levant from other regions? [* Note that the term Kanaan (or Canaan) is rendered as كنعان in Arabic, and includes the letter ‘ (ayn), whereas the name Kananah mentioned in the Babylonian and Amarnah tablets does not. Its equivalent, in Arabic, is كنانه . The two terms are clearly distinct.]

The name Bani Kanānah (or Kinānah, as it is often pronounced) pertains to a legendary Arabian mega-tribe whose domain was vast areas of the Tihāma mountainous regions of ‘Aseer and Yemen. These are no doubt the same peoples that are mentioned in the Babylonian and Amarnah tablets, small numbers of whom began migrating northwards towards the Ḥijāz and the Levant from as early as the 19th Century BC, and infiltrating the territories of the Mesopotamian empire. They also clashed with the Egyptians many times, when the kings of the Nile Valley launched their campaigns to control the trade routes of Arabia. Later, during the time of King David, their pagan clans fought many bloody wars with the monotheistic Israelites in the highlands of Yemen, as mentioned in 3rd book: Israel and Sheba (the wars of Bani Isra’eel versus Bani Kanānah).

Al-Hamadāni, who was native of Yemen, is no doubt very qualified to tell us where the territory of Kanānah was. Here is what he says in Description of Arabia (DoA) (page 231):

تهامة اليمن: بلد بني مجيد، و هي على محجّة عدن إلى زُبيد، ثم ديار الأشعريين، و ببلد حَكَم قرى كثيرة مثل العدّاية و الركوبة ... و وادي ليّة ... و جازان و صبيا ... ثم بلد حرام من كنانة ... و الحرّة، حرّة كنانة، و المعقد، و حلي

The passage also mentions Bani Majeed (the “Meggido” of the Old Testament).

Another passage from DoA mentioning Kanānah is the following (page 85):

ذلك أن جبل السراة - سراة اليمن - أعظم جبال العرب و أذكرهان أقبل من قعرة اليمن ... و هو هابط بين نجد، و هو ظاهر , فصار ذلك الجبل في غربيه إلى أسياف البحر من بلاد الأشعريين و عكّ و حَكَم و كنانة .

Al-Hamadāni is talking about the Sarāt of Yemen, The tallest and most renowned mountains in all of Arabia, and their expanse which reaches the Red Sea coast. Within these mountains are the domains of the tribes of Ash‘ar, ‘Akk, Ḥakam, and Kanānah.

Is this a coincidence too? Or did someone hijack the entire history and geography of the Old Testament and project it onto the Levant?

Note: In next post, you will find details of some of the places important in Ibraheem (P)’s life.

Source: ARABIA: The Untold Story, Book 2: Road of the Patriarch, Page # 98-103.

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