2:62 / 5:69

by Sajid @, Sunday, September 23, 2012, 15:11 (1790 days ago)

2:62

"Indeed, those who believe (in the Qur'an and call themselves Muslims), and those who are Jews, and Christians and the Sabians; whoever truly believes in God and the Last Day and does works that benefit humanity, their reward is with their Lord. For them shall be no fear from without, nor shall grief touch them from within."

Similar message is stated in 5:69.

My question is, does this refer to Jews, Christians and Sabians of the past ONLY [those that existed before the advent of Islam] or does this include Jews, Christians, Sabians [not sure if they exist anymore] of the post-Islamic times also; past, present, future?

2:62 / 5:69

by jawaid ahmed,uk @, Monday, September 24, 2012, 07:44 (1790 days ago) @ Sajid

“whoever truly believes in God and the Last Day and does works that benefit humanity”

I think the above line answers your question. It is anyone who works for humanity and does let or allow the differences we have with each other come in the way of this.

It is not ALL Jews, or ALL Christians who are mentioned here at that time or now/future, but only those who do good, then, now and in the future.

2:62 / 5:69

by jawaid ahmed,uk @, Monday, September 24, 2012, 13:31 (1789 days ago) @ jawaid ahmed,uk

It should have said "does NOT let or allow the differences"

2:62 / 5:69

by Mohammed Noh, Sunday, November 11, 2012, 13:53 (1741 days ago) @ jawaid ahmed,uk

Salam,

I trust the key phrase in both verses is "... waAAamila salihan ..."

The phrase has been understood to mean:

  • and did righteousness
  • and doeth right
  • and work righteousness
  • and does works that benefit humanity

Try reading HERE.

In the Qur-an (2:111-113) we learn of the futile claims of 'alyahood' and 'alnnasara'.

But if the above phrase were to be understood as listed above, then we could definitely be a 'yahood' or 'nasara', for as long as we 'do right/work right/work righteousness/do works that benefit humanity' then we should be okay (we should not have any fear as we will never be striken with any grief whatsoever), isn't it?

But is that really the case? Or we must spend more time on the phrase?

Lets look further into the phrase:

waAAamila = and one does

salihan = ?

Lets look at Hans Wehr:

salih = good, right, proper, sound; thorough, substantial, downright, out-and-out, solid; virtuous, pious, devout, godly; usable, useful, practicable, serviceable, fitting, suitable, appropriate (for)

Lets again look at Hans Wehr:

(the verb) 'salaha' = to be good, right, proper, in order, righteous, pious, godly; to be well, thrive; to be usable, useful, practicable, serviceable, fitting, suitable, or appropriate (for), lend itself (to), suit, match (sth.), fit (sth. or s.o.), apply (to s.o. or sth.); to be admissible, permissible (in, at, with); to be valid, hold true (for)

So, what could we gather from the verb?

Do we get a sense of simply good (as in a good vs bad) or a sense of good as in betterment/improvement/reform?

I trust that all of us are quite familiar with this verse:

93:7. Wawajadaka dallan fahada

Read HERE for a few English translations.

So to me, the phrase 'AAamila salihan' is all about self improvement, implying the sense of 'one does the reform/one implements the improvement/corrects one's ways/improves one's self'.

When this is the case, then one could originate/start/begin from anywhere or any religion/faith. One could be a 'yahood', a 'nasara', a Christian, a Jew, a Hindu, a Taoist or an atheist, but one must correct one's ways, i.e. to be a Muslim as explained in the Qur-an.

So the first to do is "amana biAllahi waalyawmi al-akhir." One must first correct this idea (believe in the oneness of God and the last day) to become a Muslim.

Then one must "AAamila salihan" (literally "one implements the reform" but I find it easier to enlive the idea by "reforms one's ways."

In the beginning, as Muslims, we simply followed the ideas of relgious scholars, but now that we have reformed our ways; we only follow Allah. We strive to become Muslims according to Allah as already explained in the Qur-an. I trust, this is what we all are.

As always, this is merely my personal comprehension. No one is compelled to accept this to be the sole truth. The truth is with Allah, so please get it from Him.

May Allah guide us all correctly. Insha Allah.

Cheers!
Mohammed Noh

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